Reading lamps are designed specifically for reading, to make reading easier and more comfortable whilst reducing eye strain. These lamps can also be used more generally for task lighting at a desk or workbench.
When people read, they are best served by bright, indirect light with minimal glare. Many reading lamps are designed with flexible necks so that the lamp can be adjusted to achieve the perfect angle, casting the reading area into bright light without creating shadows or causing glare. Reading lights also tend to have shades which direct and focus the light into a small zone which is brightly lit for reading.